This publication from the National Housing Federation presents the findings from research into homelessness in London, the South East and East of England. It looks at the different aspects of homelessness in England’s most unaffordable areas: children in B&B accommodation; private rented sector tenancies and homelessness; homeless households and out of borough placements; trends in the numbers of people sleeping rough; numbers of people in temporary accommodation; and the impacts of welfare reform on the homeless and badly housed families. Presents case studies demonstrating the work of housing associations to address rising homelessness in their areas. Finds that: local authorities in and around London are struggling with their housing caseloads; homelessness is increasing in London, the South East and East; and the nature of homelessness is changing. Indicates that welfare reform will have a serious impact on homelessness. Presents recommendations for addressing homelessness by local and central government, and concludes that in a time of austerity, it is important to invest in preventative services rather than allowing problems to escalate.